An assessment of its conformity with aid effectiveness principles.
Agriculture remains central to development in Haiti, accounting for 50 percent of employment and 22 percent of gross domestic product. Yet poverty pervades the Haitian countryside, with 90 percent of the population living below the poverty line (compared with an overall national poverty rate of 59 percent). Hunger and malnutrition walk hand in hand with low incomes, with 40 percent of all Haitian households experiencing food insecurity and 30 percent of preschool children chronically malnourished.
Recognizing the importance of agricultural development to improved food security and as a potential driver of overall economic transformation, the US government identified agriculture as a key pillar of its strategy to support Haiti’s reconstruction following the 2010 earthquake. Accordingly, Haiti became one of 19 focus countries under the Feed the Future Initiative, and an existing US Agency for International Development (USAID) project, the Watershed Initiative for National Natural Environmental Resources (WINNER), underway since 2009, became Feed the Future West. The United States inaugurated Feed the Future to fulfill its pledge toward the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative of the 2009 G8 Summit, which sought to address the world food crisis. Initially a three-year, $3.5 billion program running between 2010 and 2012, Feed the Future has continued since then with an average annual budget of $1 billion. It seeks to support the achievement of global food security with a whole-of-government approach.
In 2013, USAID launched a second Feed the Future project in Haiti, called Appui à la Valorisation du Potentiel Agricole du Nord, pour la Sécurité Économique et Environnementale (Aid to Realize the Agricultural Potential of the North, for Economic and Environmental Security [AVANSE], also known as Feed the Future North). The $87 million project, which aims to reduce poverty by increasing smallholder farmers’ production and incomes, operates in the North and North-East Departments (see Figure 1 for a map of the Feed the Future corridors in Haiti) vand will run through the end of calendar year 2019.USAIDs-AVANSE-Project-Haiti-Research-backgrounder-Oxfam